Marie Stuart - December 8
Mary I of Scotland was born on December 8, 1542 to King James V.
In 1558, she married Francis II, who took the French throne in 1559. However, Mary was widowed in 1560. After her husband's death, Mary returned to Scotland on August 19, 1561. Four years later, she married her Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley. Their union was unhappy and in February 1567, Darnley was found dead after an explosion in their house.
She soon married James Hepburn, 4th Earl of Bothwell, who was believed to be Darnley's murderer. Following an uprising, Mary was imprisoned on June 15. Mary fled to England seeking protection from her cousin, Queen Elizabeth I, whose kingdom she hoped to inherit. Elizabeth, however, ordered her arrest, as Mary was considered the legitimate sovereign of England by many English Catholics. She was executed for treason following her involvement in three plots to assassinate Elizabeth.